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Vol  5 - No 2 (2020)


 Bagreeva  Elena  G.

  • A socio-cultural nature of international business relations  

Annotation. The article deals with the socio-cultural foundations of trade and economic relations within the legal framework. The article analyzes European legal documents concerning jurisdiction and recognition and enforcement of court decisions in civil and commercial cases. We study in detail the problems of concluding a franchise agreement and the success of fair resolution of possible conflicts and disputes in court. It is emphasized that the problem of unification of legal regulation increases many times when the parties of the agreement are representatives of two legal systems based on the pluralism of the socio-cultural nature of the countries. It is argued that the following to universal sociocultural norms will support the unification of jurisdiction and give a new impetus to international business relations.

Keyword. Business relations, socio-cultural conditions, franchising, European legal framework, legal systems.


 Pravkin Sergey A., Smirnova Vera V.


Annotation. The article is dedicated to the issue of the existence of digital human rights in the digital economy. The Digital Economy of the Russian Federation Program and the Information Society Development Strategy in the Russian Federation for 2017-2030. aim to create a new environment, affecting primarily economic and political aspects. However, with the advent of digitalization in the economy, new legal relations arise that require a certain legal regulation. It raises the question of the existence of digital human rights. As a result of the study, the authors conclude that digital rights are human rights of a new generation, “special rights” that the subject can be vested with at his request. At this stage of time, we can talk not only about digital law, but also digital human rights, about the need for a more detailed study of social guarantees and human rights in the digital economy.

Keywords: digitalization, digital economy, digital human rights, digital objects, digital information.


 Shevtsov Semen S., Kirakosyan Susana A.

  • Business reputation in the context of the development of digital technologies.

Annotation.  The scientific work gives a comparative characteristic of business reputation with related categories, as well as analyses features of protecting business reputation on the Internet.

Keywords: business reputation, Internet, digital space, digital technologies, image, brand, goodwill.


Svishcheva Ekaterina I.

  • Commercial designation as a means of individualization of business activity: influence of COVID-19

Annotation. The situation with the new coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated long-standing problems with the use of commercial designations. The article considers the risks that arose during the pandemic and offers suggestions for improving the current legislation. In particular it is proposed to use a commercial designation for individualization of business activities.

Keywords: commercial designation; means of individualization; business activity; intellectual property; COVID-19.



Afanasyev Maksim V.

  • Foreign experience of the criminal-executive legislation the Commonwealth of Independent States countries on punishment execution in the form of deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or to engage in certain activities.

Annotation. The article discusses the foreign experience of the criminal-executive legislation the Commonwealth of Independent States countries on punishment execution in the form of deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or to engage in certain activities. A comparative analysis of the penal legislation authorities of the CIS countries that carry out the execution of this punishment and their powers in exercising control over convicts. A number of practical powers of the authorities of the CIS countries on punishment execution not related to the isolation of convicts from society and deserve the attention of national law enforcement are designated.

Keywords: criminal-executive legislation the Commonwealth of Independent States countries, penalty in the form of deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or to engage in certain activities, probation service, executive officer, execution of the punishment in the form of disqualification from driving a vehicle.


Bulenkova Natalya V.

  • The concept, content and importance of the institution of state protection of participants in criminal proceedings

Annotation. The article discusses theoretical issues related to the concept of the content and importance of the institution of state protection of witnesses, victims and other participants in criminal proceedings. The basis for the use of such protection and its essence.      

Keywords: state protection of witnesses, victims and other participants in criminal proceedings.


Denisov Nikolay L.

  • Trends in Modern Cybercrime 

Annotation. This article describes the negative changes in cybercrime with the changing situation in the world due to a pandemic. An attempt is made to determine the causes of the changes in this crime and the possible directions of reducing the increased social danger of this crime are determined.

Keywords. Cybercrime, fraud, cybercrime, phishing, fake, crime prevention.



Bukhtiyarov Artyom L.

  • Legal regulation of lending to small and medium-sized businesses in the context of the spread of coronavirus 

Annotation. Importance.The problem of the development of small and medium-sized enterprises in Russia is one of the priority tasks of the state socio-economic policy. With the introduction of restrictive measures in connection with the spread of coronavirus infection, support for this sector of the economy becomes even more necessary. Objectives. An analysis of the measures taken to support small and medium-sized enterprises in the field of lending, an assessment of their sufficiency and effectiveness, as well as consideration of possible support measures in the process of returning the economy to normal operating conditions. Methods. The research involves methods of logic and statistical analysis. Results. Support for small and medium-sized businesses in the field of lending is carried out using several types, which now are not sufficient and effective. Conclusion and relevance. To gradually return the economy to normal operating conditions, comprehensive support measures are needed, namely, a detailed study of the list of affected sectors, extension of existing support measures, the possibility of concluding loan agreements for a period of more than 1 year, and reduction of interest rates on soft loans.

Key words: small and medium-sized businesses, coronavirus, credit holidays, preferential loan.


Lazutkin Maksim A.


Annotation. The paper is dealing with agreement of establishment of servitude under the current legislation of the Russian Federation and certain provisions of the Draft Federal law "on amendments to parts one, two, three and four of the Civil code of the Russian Federation, as well as certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation" (hereinafter – the draft) relating to this agreement. The attempt is made to identify the essential terms of the servitude agreement. It is concluded that it is necessary to enshrine the essential conditions of the agreement on the establishment of servitude in the civil legislation.

Keywords: private servitude, agreement, contract, term, price


Ovsyannikova Ksenia S.

  • Legal aspect of the relationship of a trademark with other means of individualization

Annotation. The author points out the need for a clear and understandable system of individualization of goods and services. It is necessary to determine the legal nature of the trademark, since the consumer uses this tool to draw attention to the existence of a particular product. A trademark is a kind of distinguishing feature of one manufacturer from products similar to it, but of another manufacturer.

Keyword. Trademark, means of individualization of the enterprise, the copyright holder.


Sidorina Kristina A.

  • Legislative and regulatory problems and features of intellectual property taxation

Annotation. The article focuses on intellectual property taxation, which focuses on two major issues related to the taxation of intangible assets (NMA) and the current stage of the digital economy in Russia. Compared with other countries, the authors conclude that the tax system in the Russian Federation is flawed, which in their view is one of the significant problems that the authors dare to consider to be by improving the existing legislation, eliminating the ambiguities of interpretation in it, as well as by effectively taking into account the distribution and use of the company's resources, especially intangible sand and intellectual property (IS).

Keywords: taxation, intellectual property, VAT, NMA, IS, digital economy, crypto currency.